Vanished Kingdoms – Alt Clud

English: Dumbarton Rock The River Leven in the...

Dumbarton Rock: The River Leven in the foreground joins the River Clyde at this point. Dumbarton FC’s new Strathclyde Homes Stadium can be seen by the rock as can the remaining red brick towers of the recently demolished Ballantines distillery. Viewed from a Glasgow-bound Boeing 747. See also 674060 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

I’m falling a bit behind in recounting these chapters in Norman Davies’ Vanished Kingdoms book.  The second chapter is about another kingdom born out of the end of the Roman Empire in Europe, this one on the border of Scotland, in the area of Glasgow.  Dumbarton Rock was the site of a castle that formed a kingdom during the Dark Ages – The Kingdom of the Rock.

This Kingdom was run by the old British/Celtic and had to contend with the Scots, Picts, and Angles.  One tradition says that this kingdom was where St. Patrick was born before being carried off to Ireland.  Another tradition is that King Arthur himself was from this kingdom.

The Kingdom remained a ‘player’ in the wars during the next several centuries.  In the 870s, the Vikings sacked Alt Clud. Some of the Britons retired to Wales or safer parts of England.  The remainder moved inland to form the district of Strathclyde in the kingdom of Alba.  From there, the distinctiveness of the area faded as it merged into the greater “Scotland”

Dumbarton Rock, Alt Cluath, captured by Amlaíb...

Dumbarton Rock, Alt Cluath, captured by Amlaíb and Ímar after a four-month siege in 870. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)