This was an interesting chapter, because this kingdom is a pretty plastic concept that has moved around over the centuries in the ‘seam’ between France and Germany, from the North Sea to the Mediterranean. When these areas were strong, they were absorbed, but in other periods some pretty significant districts and kingdoms appeared.
In the end Norman Davies comes up with fifteen distinct “Burgundy”s:
- The First Burgundian Kingdom in Gaul (410-436). Destroyed by Attila the Hun at Aetius‘ bidding which has been preserved in Germanic Nibelung saga.
- The Second Burgundian Kingdom (451-534). Set up by Aetius after defeating Attila in Gaul. A player in the fall of the West, conquered by the Franks.
- Frankish Burgundy (590-734)
- The French Duchy of Burgundy (843-1384)
- The Kingdom of Lower Burgundy (879-933)
- The Kingdom of Upper Burgundy (888-933)
- The united Kingdom of the Two Burgundies (933-1032)
- The County-Palatinate of Burgundy (1000-1678)
- The Imperial Kingdom of Burgundy (1032-?)
- The Imperial Duchy of Lesser Burgundy (1127-1218)
- The Imperial Landgravate of Burgundy (1127+)
- The united “States of Burgundy” (1384-1477)
- The French Province of Burgundy – Bourgogne (1477-1791)
- The Imperial Burgundian Circle (1548-1795)
- The French Region of Bourgogne (1982-present)
Some of these were major historical players. In the Hundred Years War, the Duchy and County were unified and joined the English, nearly breaking France entirely. When Joan of Arc brought a French resurgence, the moment was gone.
While the political fortunes of these states waxed and finally waned, it is interesting how for fifteen hundred years the concept of “Burgundy” has risen again when given the chance.
- Vanished Kingdoms – Tolosa (kilobooks.wordpress.com)
- Vanished Kingdoms – Alt Clud (kilobooks.wordpress.com)